Working as a PhD student in Cognitive Science and Artificial Intelligence (AI) at the University of Dublin, Mr. Le Hai Nam shares about teaching statistical probability to elementary students:

I have emphasized the promotion of teaching and statistical probability thinking for many years when talking about Vietnamese Mathematics.

1. Should statistical probability be taught to children?

This question has been prevalent in many high-level educational research around the world, and is even still hot in the past decade.

We all see that it is necessary to understand and educate children about statistical probability concepts, but there is still debate on a number of issues, such as: Should statistical probability be included in education for children of all ages?

Jerome S. Bruner in The Process of Education (published 1960 by Harvard University Press) writes: `If understanding numbers, measurements, and probability is important in the pursuit of science, then teaching the subjects

Bruner believes, `If we respect the developing child’s ways of thinking and if we are courteous enough in introducing material to his logical thinking, and at the same time challenging enough to prompt him to progress, we can

If considered in the 21st century, what do those ideas and styles include?

Mr. Le Hai Nam.

2. What are the benefits of learning statistical probability early?

The book The Current State of Mathematics Education: Building a Solid Foundation for the 21st Century by Riley (published in 1998) pointed out the importance of statistical probability.

So what are the benefits of introducing statistical probability into early teaching?

First we need to understand the concept of statistical probability.

Leaving aside the issue of terminology for now, in a short and easy to understand way, probability provides a mathematical model to represent random events and uncertainties of events occurring in the universe, nature,

Understanding probability theory is important to understand issues such as politics, weather forecasting, sports, and social policy.

Therefore, I think that teaching statistical probability at the elementary level is to prepare children how to think, see and respond to the volatile world in the future, especially the current world.

The most important purpose of statistical probabilistic thinking, in my opinion, is to support decision-making under uncertainty, understand random behavior and consider possibilities.

Forming statistical probability thinking early on will also provide good support for critical thinking, helping to ask questions about every problem with the eyes of probability.

3. Can children learn statistical probability?

Perhaps we should ask another way: `Can’t children learn statistical probability? If they can learn statistical probability, what is it`?

First of all, in terms of probability, it is necessary to distinguish Experimental from Theoretical Probability.

Theoretical probability is a probability based on mathematical formulas and deduction.

In countries that have introduced probability into elementary school, they will introduce or `introduce` probability concepts into children’s brains through experiments and visual examples.

As for statistics, perhaps children can approach it more directly because statistics works directly with data.

An elementary example is as follows: Children can practice sports by playing soccer every weekend, for example team A and B. The statistical question could be: How many total goals were scored by team A

Not only that, statistics also helps children form data visualization, illustrating data through charts and tables.

4. What about teaching statistical probability for elementary schools in Vietnam?

The criticism surrounding the inclusion of statistical probability in the Grade 2 Math curriculum in Vietnam is understandable.

Back to the program of teaching probability and statistics from grade 2 in Vietnam.

In short, I support the introduction of statistical probability into the elementary education curriculum, but what is important is how to teach it to ensure the beauty of statistical probability and form this thinking in children?

Firstly, at a young age, we need to avoid teaching in the old way, that is, do not start from abstract concepts and formulas, but start with Experimental Probability, giving visual examples of everyday life.

Second, immediately give up the habit of teaching lessons for exams.

>>Reference list >>See the new Math curriculum